Hospital-Acquired Infections in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients

Patients receiving chronic hemodialysis have a significantly higher risk of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) than the general hospital population. This increased risk reflects an impaired immune system, frequent hospitalizations, and a requirement for vascular access. The most common HAIs in this population are bloodstream and urinary tract infections. Enterococci and Candida species are among the most frequently implicated pathogens. The evolving understanding of HAI suggests that targeted surveillance programs in this high-risk population are warranted.

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